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Java example source code file (Key.java)

This example Java source code file (Key.java) is included in the alvinalexander.com "Java Source Code Warehouse" project. The intent of this project is to help you "Learn Java by Example" TM.

Learn more about this Java project at its project page.

Java - Java tags/keywords

annotation, annotationinstancestrategy, annotationstrategy, annotationtypestrategy, bindingannotation, class, key, override, please, reflection, retention, string, suppresswarnings, typeliteral, unsupportedoperationexception

The Key.java Java example source code

/**
 * Copyright (C) 2006 Google Inc.
 *
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 * You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 * http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */

package com.google.inject;

import static com.google.common.base.Preconditions.checkArgument;
import static com.google.common.base.Preconditions.checkNotNull;
import static com.google.inject.internal.Annotations.generateAnnotation;
import static com.google.inject.internal.Annotations.isAllDefaultMethods;

import com.google.inject.internal.Annotations;
import com.google.inject.internal.MoreTypes;

import java.lang.annotation.Annotation;
import java.lang.reflect.Type;

/**
 * Binding key consisting of an injection type and an optional annotation.
 * Matches the type and annotation at a point of injection.
 *
 * <p>For example, {@code Key.get(Service.class, Transactional.class)} will
 * match:
 *
 * <pre>
 *   {@literal @}Inject
 *   public void setService({@literal @}Transactional Service service) {
 *     ...
 *   }
 * </pre>
 *
 * <p>{@code Key} supports generic types via subclassing just like {@link
 * TypeLiteral}.
 *
 * <p>Keys do not differentiate between primitive types (int, char, etc.) and
 * their corresponding wrapper types (Integer, Character, etc.). Primitive
 * types will be replaced with their wrapper types when keys are created.
 *
 * @author crazybob@google.com (Bob Lee)
 */
public class Key<T> {

  private final AnnotationStrategy annotationStrategy;

  private final TypeLiteral<T> typeLiteral;
  private final int hashCode;
  // This field is updated using the 'Data-Race-Ful' lazy intialization pattern
  // See http://jeremymanson.blogspot.com/2008/12/benign-data-races-in-java.html for a detailed
  // explanation.
  private String toString;

  /**
   * Constructs a new key. Derives the type from this class's type parameter.
   *
   * <p>Clients create an empty anonymous subclass. Doing so embeds the type
   * parameter in the anonymous class's type hierarchy so we can reconstitute it
   * at runtime despite erasure.
   *
   * <p>Example usage for a binding of type {@code Foo} annotated with
   * {@code @Bar}:
   *
   * <p>{@code new Key(Bar.class) {}}.
   */
  @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
  protected Key(Class<? extends Annotation> annotationType) {
    this.annotationStrategy = strategyFor(annotationType);
    this.typeLiteral = MoreTypes.canonicalizeForKey(
        (TypeLiteral<T>) TypeLiteral.fromSuperclassTypeParameter(getClass()));
    this.hashCode = computeHashCode();
  }

  /**
   * Constructs a new key. Derives the type from this class's type parameter.
   *
   * <p>Clients create an empty anonymous subclass. Doing so embeds the type
   * parameter in the anonymous class's type hierarchy so we can reconstitute it
   * at runtime despite erasure.
   *
   * <p>Example usage for a binding of type {@code Foo} annotated with
   * {@code @Bar}:
   *
   * <p>{@code new Key(new Bar()) {}}.
   */
  @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
  protected Key(Annotation annotation) {
    // no usages, not test-covered
    this.annotationStrategy = strategyFor(annotation);
    this.typeLiteral = MoreTypes.canonicalizeForKey(
        (TypeLiteral<T>) TypeLiteral.fromSuperclassTypeParameter(getClass()));
    this.hashCode = computeHashCode();
  }

  /**
   * Constructs a new key. Derives the type from this class's type parameter.
   *
   * <p>Clients create an empty anonymous subclass. Doing so embeds the type
   * parameter in the anonymous class's type hierarchy so we can reconstitute it
   * at runtime despite erasure.
   *
   * <p>Example usage for a binding of type {@code Foo}:
   *
   * <p>{@code new Key() {}}.
   */
  @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
  protected Key() {
    this.annotationStrategy = NullAnnotationStrategy.INSTANCE;
    this.typeLiteral = MoreTypes.canonicalizeForKey(
        (TypeLiteral<T>) TypeLiteral.fromSuperclassTypeParameter(getClass()));
    this.hashCode = computeHashCode();
  }

  /**
   * Unsafe. Constructs a key from a manually specified type.
   */
  @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
  private Key(Type type, AnnotationStrategy annotationStrategy) {
    this.annotationStrategy = annotationStrategy;
    this.typeLiteral = MoreTypes.canonicalizeForKey((TypeLiteral<T>) TypeLiteral.get(type));
    this.hashCode = computeHashCode();
  }

  /** Constructs a key from a manually specified type. */
  private Key(TypeLiteral<T> typeLiteral, AnnotationStrategy annotationStrategy) {
    this.annotationStrategy = annotationStrategy;
    this.typeLiteral = MoreTypes.canonicalizeForKey(typeLiteral);
    this.hashCode = computeHashCode();
  }

  /**
   * Computes the hash code for this key.
   */
  private int computeHashCode() {
    return typeLiteral.hashCode() * 31 + annotationStrategy.hashCode();
  }

  /**
   * Gets the key type.
   */
  public final TypeLiteral<T> getTypeLiteral() {
    return typeLiteral;
  }

  /**
   * Gets the annotation type.
   */
  public final Class<? extends Annotation> getAnnotationType() {
    return annotationStrategy.getAnnotationType();
  }

  /**
   * Gets the annotation.
   */
  public final Annotation getAnnotation() {
    return annotationStrategy.getAnnotation();
  }

  boolean hasAnnotationType() {
    return annotationStrategy.getAnnotationType() != null;
  }

  String getAnnotationName() {
    Annotation annotation = annotationStrategy.getAnnotation();
    if (annotation != null) {
      return annotation.toString();
    }

    // not test-covered
    return annotationStrategy.getAnnotationType().toString();
  }

  Class<? super T> getRawType() {
    return typeLiteral.getRawType();
  }

  /**
   * Gets the key of this key's provider.
   */
  Key<Provider providerKey() {
    return ofType(typeLiteral.providerType());
  }

  @Override public final boolean equals(Object o) {
    if (o == this) {
      return true;
    }
    if (!(o instanceof Key<?>)) {
      return false;
    }
    Key<?> other = (Key) o;
    return annotationStrategy.equals(other.annotationStrategy)
        && typeLiteral.equals(other.typeLiteral);
  }

  @Override public final int hashCode() {
    return this.hashCode;
  }

  @Override public final String toString() {
    // Note: to not introduce dangerous data races the field should only be read once in this
    // method.
    String local = toString;
    if (local == null) {
      local = "Key[type=" + typeLiteral + ", annotation=" + annotationStrategy + "]";
      toString = local;
    }
    return local;
  }

  /**
   * Gets a key for an injection type and an annotation strategy.
   */
  static <T> Key get(Class type,
      AnnotationStrategy annotationStrategy) {
    return new Key<T>(type, annotationStrategy);
  }

  /**
   * Gets a key for an injection type.
   */
  public static <T> Key get(Class type) {
    return new Key<T>(type, NullAnnotationStrategy.INSTANCE);
  }

  /**
   * Gets a key for an injection type and an annotation type.
   */
  public static <T> Key get(Class type,
      Class<? extends Annotation> annotationType) {
    return new Key<T>(type, strategyFor(annotationType));
  }

  /**
   * Gets a key for an injection type and an annotation.
   */
  public static <T> Key get(Class type, Annotation annotation) {
    return new Key<T>(type, strategyFor(annotation));
  }

  /**
   * Gets a key for an injection type.
   */
  public static Key<?> get(Type type) {
    return new Key<Object>(type, NullAnnotationStrategy.INSTANCE);
  }

  /**
   * Gets a key for an injection type and an annotation type.
   */
  public static Key<?> get(Type type,
      Class<? extends Annotation> annotationType) {
    return new Key<Object>(type, strategyFor(annotationType));
  }

  /**
   * Gets a key for an injection type and an annotation.
   */
  public static Key<?> get(Type type, Annotation annotation) {
    return new Key<Object>(type, strategyFor(annotation));
  }

  /**
   * Gets a key for an injection type.
   */
  public static <T> Key get(TypeLiteral typeLiteral) {
    return new Key<T>(typeLiteral, NullAnnotationStrategy.INSTANCE);
  }

  /**
   * Gets a key for an injection type and an annotation type.
   */
  public static <T> Key get(TypeLiteral typeLiteral,
      Class<? extends Annotation> annotationType) {
    return new Key<T>(typeLiteral, strategyFor(annotationType));
  }

  /**
   * Gets a key for an injection type and an annotation.
   */
  public static <T> Key get(TypeLiteral typeLiteral,
      Annotation annotation) {
    return new Key<T>(typeLiteral, strategyFor(annotation));
  }

  /**
   * Returns a new key of the specified type with the same annotation as this
   * key.
   *
   * @since 3.0
   */
  public <T> Key ofType(Class type) {
    return new Key<T>(type, annotationStrategy);
  }

  /**
   * Returns a new key of the specified type with the same annotation as this
   * key.
   *
   * @since 3.0
   */
  public Key<?> ofType(Type type) {
    return new Key<Object>(type, annotationStrategy);
  }

  /**
   * Returns a new key of the specified type with the same annotation as this
   * key.
   *
   * @since 3.0
   */
  public <T> Key ofType(TypeLiteral type) {
    return new Key<T>(type, annotationStrategy);
  }

  /**
   * Returns true if this key has annotation attributes.
   *
   * @since 3.0
   */
  public boolean hasAttributes() {
    return annotationStrategy.hasAttributes();
  }

  /**
   * Returns this key without annotation attributes, i.e. with only the
   * annotation type.
   *
   * @since 3.0
   */
  public Key<T> withoutAttributes() {
    return new Key<T>(typeLiteral, annotationStrategy.withoutAttributes());
  }

  interface AnnotationStrategy {
    Annotation getAnnotation();
    Class<? extends Annotation> getAnnotationType();
    boolean hasAttributes();
    AnnotationStrategy withoutAttributes();
  }

  /**
   * Gets the strategy for an annotation.
   */
  static AnnotationStrategy strategyFor(Annotation annotation) {
    checkNotNull(annotation, "annotation");
    Class<? extends Annotation> annotationType = annotation.annotationType();
    ensureRetainedAtRuntime(annotationType);
    ensureIsBindingAnnotation(annotationType);

    if (Annotations.isMarker(annotationType)) {
      return new AnnotationTypeStrategy(annotationType, annotation);
    }

    return new AnnotationInstanceStrategy(Annotations.canonicalizeIfNamed(annotation));
  }

  /**
   * Gets the strategy for an annotation type.
   */
  static AnnotationStrategy strategyFor(Class<? extends Annotation> annotationType) {
    annotationType = Annotations.canonicalizeIfNamed(annotationType);
    if (isAllDefaultMethods(annotationType)) {
      return strategyFor(generateAnnotation(annotationType));
    }

    checkNotNull(annotationType, "annotation type");
    ensureRetainedAtRuntime(annotationType);
    ensureIsBindingAnnotation(annotationType);
    return new AnnotationTypeStrategy(annotationType, null);

  }

  private static void ensureRetainedAtRuntime(
      Class<? extends Annotation> annotationType) {
    checkArgument(Annotations.isRetainedAtRuntime(annotationType),
        "%s is not retained at runtime. Please annotate it with @Retention(RUNTIME).",
        annotationType.getName());
  }

  private static void ensureIsBindingAnnotation(Class<? extends Annotation> annotationType) {
    checkArgument(Annotations.isBindingAnnotation(annotationType),
        "%s is not a binding annotation. Please annotate it with @BindingAnnotation.",
        annotationType.getName());
  }

  static enum NullAnnotationStrategy implements AnnotationStrategy {
    INSTANCE;

    public boolean hasAttributes() {
      return false;
    }

    public AnnotationStrategy withoutAttributes() {
      throw new UnsupportedOperationException("Key already has no attributes.");
    }

    public Annotation getAnnotation() {
      return null;
    }

    public Class<? extends Annotation> getAnnotationType() {
      return null;
    }

    @Override public String toString() {
      return "[none]";
    }
  }

  // this class not test-covered
  static class AnnotationInstanceStrategy implements AnnotationStrategy {

    final Annotation annotation;

    AnnotationInstanceStrategy(Annotation annotation) {
      this.annotation = checkNotNull(annotation, "annotation");
    }

    public boolean hasAttributes() {
      return true;
    }

    public AnnotationStrategy withoutAttributes() {
      return new AnnotationTypeStrategy(getAnnotationType(), annotation);
    }

    public Annotation getAnnotation() {
      return annotation;
    }

    public Class<? extends Annotation> getAnnotationType() {
      return annotation.annotationType();
    }

    @Override public boolean equals(Object o) {
      if (!(o instanceof AnnotationInstanceStrategy)) {
        return false;
      }

      AnnotationInstanceStrategy other = (AnnotationInstanceStrategy) o;
      return annotation.equals(other.annotation);
    }

    @Override public int hashCode() {
      return annotation.hashCode();
    }

    @Override public String toString() {
      return annotation.toString();
    }
  }

  static class AnnotationTypeStrategy implements AnnotationStrategy {

    final Class<? extends Annotation> annotationType;

    // Keep the instance around if we have it so the client can request it.
    final Annotation annotation;

    AnnotationTypeStrategy(Class<? extends Annotation> annotationType,
        Annotation annotation) {
      this.annotationType = checkNotNull(annotationType, "annotation type");
      this.annotation = annotation;
    }

    public boolean hasAttributes() {
      return false;
    }

    public AnnotationStrategy withoutAttributes() {
      throw new UnsupportedOperationException("Key already has no attributes.");
    }

    public Annotation getAnnotation() {
      return annotation;
    }

    public Class<? extends Annotation> getAnnotationType() {
      return annotationType;
    }

    @Override public boolean equals(Object o) {
      if (!(o instanceof AnnotationTypeStrategy)) {
        return false;
      }

      AnnotationTypeStrategy other = (AnnotationTypeStrategy) o;
      return annotationType.equals(other.annotationType);
    }

    @Override public int hashCode() {
      return annotationType.hashCode();
    }

    @Override public String toString() {
      return "@" + annotationType.getName();
    }
  }
}

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