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Java example source code file (Provider.java)

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provider

The Provider.java Java example source code

/**
 * Copyright (C) 2006 Google Inc.
 *
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 * You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 * http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */

package com.google.inject;

/**
 * An object capable of providing instances of type {@code T}. Providers are used in numerous ways
 * by Guice:
 *
 * <ul>
 * <li>When the default means for obtaining instances (an injectable or parameterless constructor)
 * is insufficient for a particular binding, the module can specify a custom {@code Provider}
 * instead, to control exactly how Guice creates or obtains instances for the binding.
 *
 * <li>An implementation class may always choose to have a {@code Provider} instance injected,
 * rather than having a {@code T} injected directly.  This may give you access to multiple
 * instances, instances you wish to safely mutate and discard, instances which are out of scope
 * (e.g. using a {@code @RequestScoped} object from within a {@code @SessionScoped} object), or
 * instances that will be initialized lazily.
 *
 * <li>A custom {@link Scope} is implemented as a decorator of {@code Provider}, which decides
 * when to delegate to the backing provider and when to provide the instance some other way.
 *
 * <li>The {@link Injector} offers access to the {@code Provider} it uses to fulfill requests
 * for a given key, via the {@link Injector#getProvider} methods.
 * </ul>
 *
 * @param <T> the type of object this provides
 *
 * @author crazybob@google.com (Bob Lee)
 */
public interface Provider<T> extends javax.inject.Provider {

  /**
   * Provides an instance of {@code T}. Must never return {@code null}.
   *
   * @throws OutOfScopeException when an attempt is made to access a scoped object while the scope
   *     in question is not currently active
   * @throws ProvisionException if an instance cannot be provided. Such exceptions include messages
   *     and throwables to describe why provision failed.
   */
  T get();
}

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