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What this is

This file is included in the "Java Source Code Warehouse" project. The intent of this project is to help you "Learn Java by Example" TM.

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The source code

WebMail Authentication System

The WebMail authentication system uses plugin authenticators.  Any new
authenticator can be placed in the webmail/lib/authenticators, and it will
then appear as an authentication option in the Administrator's main setup

WebMail supports (since version 0.7.3) normal login and password
authenticaton as well as challenge/response authentication.  Presently the
types of authentication used are:

Normal Authenticators:
Simple -- Authenticate using a hashed password stored in the user's config file
Unix -- Authenticate using the Unix password "database" (/etc/passwd)
IMAP -- Authenticate using an IMAP server
POP -- Authenticate using a POP server

Challenge/Response Authenticators:
OTP -- Authenticate using an  RFC1938 (S/Key like) One Time Pass.

The only other added twist in authentication is the use of
org.webengruven.webmail.auth.AuthDisplayMngr, this class provides
information about which templates should be used, and any special variables
that may need to be set.

Creating an normal authentication plugin
Each authenticator must be dervied from net.wastl.webmail.server.Authenticator.
The functions which MUST be defined are:

void init(Storage) -- This basically acts as the constructor.
void register(ConfigScheme) -- This will register the authenticator with
    the system.

There are two functions that can be used for authentication.  The only
difference what data is available when they get called.  So only one of
them needs to be over-ridden.

authenticatePreUserData(String login, String passwd, String domain)
authenticatePostUserData(UserData ud, String passwd, String domain)

Additionally there are three other functions which may be of interest:

boolean canChangePassword() 
void changePassword(UserData ud, String passwd, String verify) 
AuthDisplayMngr getAuthDisplayMngr()

Note that canChangePassword() defaults to true, but changePassword() is

Also note that getAuthDisplayMngr() returns a resonable default, which will
display the standard screens used for the normal authenticators.

Creating a challenge/response authenticator
Each challenge/resoponse authenticator must be derived from
org.webengruven.webmail.auth.CRAuthenticator.  Beyond that they are almost
the same as normal authenticators.  There is one additional function which
MUST be defined:

String getChallenge(UserData ud) -- Get a challenge for the user specified
                                    in ud, and return it as a string.

getChallenge() is used to display a challenge, which the user can then
respond to.

The only other thing worth noting is that the getAuthDisplayMngr() returns
an instance of org.webengruven.webmail.auth.CRAuthDisplayMngr, which
changes the layout of the login screen so that there is no password prompt,
and sends the user to "/challenge" before authenticating them.  Any
challenge/response authenticator that needs a custom AuthDisplayMngr should
probably derive it from CRAuthDisplayMngr.

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