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Spring Framework example source code file (SingleConnectionFactory.java)

This example Spring Framework source code file (SingleConnectionFactory.java) is included in the DevDaily.com "Java Source Code Warehouse" project. The intent of this project is to help you "Learn Java by Example" TM.

Java - Spring Framework tags/keywords

connection, connection, exceptionlistener, exceptionlistener, integer, internalchainedexceptionlistener, jmsexception, jmsexception, object, queueconnection, reflection, singleconnectionfactory, singleconnectionfactory, string, topicconnection, util

The Spring Framework SingleConnectionFactory.java source code

/*
 * Copyright 2002-2008 the original author or authors.
 *
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 * You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */

package org.springframework.jms.connection;

import java.lang.reflect.InvocationHandler;
import java.lang.reflect.InvocationTargetException;
import java.lang.reflect.Method;
import java.lang.reflect.Proxy;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

import javax.jms.Connection;
import javax.jms.ConnectionFactory;
import javax.jms.ExceptionListener;
import javax.jms.JMSException;
import javax.jms.QueueConnection;
import javax.jms.QueueConnectionFactory;
import javax.jms.Session;
import javax.jms.TopicConnection;
import javax.jms.TopicConnectionFactory;

import org.apache.commons.logging.Log;
import org.apache.commons.logging.LogFactory;

import org.springframework.beans.factory.DisposableBean;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.InitializingBean;
import org.springframework.util.Assert;

/**
 * A JMS ConnectionFactory adapter that returns the same Connection
 * from all {@link #createConnection()} calls, and ignores calls to
 * {@link javax.jms.Connection#close()}. According to the JMS Connection
 * model, this is perfectly thread-safe (in contrast to e.g. JDBC).
 *
 * <p>You can either pass in a specific JMS Connection directly or let this
 * factory lazily create a Connection via a given target ConnectionFactory.
 * In the latter case, this factory just works with JMS 1.1; use
 * {@link SingleConnectionFactory102} for JMS 1.0.2.
 *
 * <p>Useful for testing and standalone environments in order to keep using the
 * same Connection for multiple {@link org.springframework.jms.core.JmsTemplate}
 * calls, without having a pooling ConnectionFactory underneath. This may span
 * any number of transactions, even concurrently executing transactions.
 *
 * <p>Note that Spring's message listener containers support the use of
 * a shared Connection within each listener container instance. Using
 * SingleConnectionFactory in combination only really makes sense for
 * sharing a single JMS Connection <i>across multiple listener containers.
 *
 * @author Juergen Hoeller
 * @author Mark Pollack
 * @since 1.1
 * @see org.springframework.jms.core.JmsTemplate
 * @see org.springframework.jms.listener.SimpleMessageListenerContainer
 * @see org.springframework.jms.listener.DefaultMessageListenerContainer#setCacheLevel
 */
public class SingleConnectionFactory
		implements ConnectionFactory, QueueConnectionFactory, TopicConnectionFactory, ExceptionListener,
		InitializingBean, DisposableBean {

	protected final Log logger = LogFactory.getLog(getClass());

	private ConnectionFactory targetConnectionFactory;

	private String clientId;

	private ExceptionListener exceptionListener;

	private boolean reconnectOnException = false;

	/** Wrapped Connection */
	private Connection target;

	/** Proxy Connection */
	private Connection connection;

	/** Synchronization monitor for the shared Connection */
	private final Object connectionMonitor = new Object();


	/**
	 * Create a new SingleConnectionFactory for bean-style usage.
	 * @see #setTargetConnectionFactory
	 */
	public SingleConnectionFactory() {
	}

	/**
	 * Create a new SingleConnectionFactory that always returns the
	 * given Connection. Works with both JMS 1.1 and 1.0.2.
	 * @param target the single Connection
	 */
	public SingleConnectionFactory(Connection target) {
		Assert.notNull(target, "Target Connection must not be null");
		this.target = target;
		this.connection = getSharedConnectionProxy(target);
	}

	/**
	 * Create a new SingleConnectionFactory that always returns a single
	 * Connection that it will lazily create via the given target
	 * ConnectionFactory.
	 * @param targetConnectionFactory the target ConnectionFactory
	 */
	public SingleConnectionFactory(ConnectionFactory targetConnectionFactory) {
		Assert.notNull(targetConnectionFactory, "Target ConnectionFactory must not be null");
		this.targetConnectionFactory = targetConnectionFactory;
	}


	/**
	 * Set the target ConnectionFactory which will be used to lazily
	 * create a single Connection.
	 */
	public void setTargetConnectionFactory(ConnectionFactory targetConnectionFactory) {
		this.targetConnectionFactory = targetConnectionFactory;
	}

	/**
	 * Return the target ConnectionFactory which will be used to lazily
	 * create a single Connection, if any.
	 */
	public ConnectionFactory getTargetConnectionFactory() {
		return this.targetConnectionFactory;
	}

	/**
	 * Specify a JMS client ID for the single Connection created and exposed
	 * by this ConnectionFactory.
	 * <p>Note that client IDs need to be unique among all active Connections
	 * of the underlying JMS provider. Furthermore, a client ID can only be
	 * assigned if the original ConnectionFactory hasn't already assigned one.
	 * @see javax.jms.Connection#setClientID
	 * @see #setTargetConnectionFactory
	 */
	public void setClientId(String clientId) {
		this.clientId = clientId;
	}

	/**
	 * Return a JMS client ID for the single Connection created and exposed
	 * by this ConnectionFactory, if any.
	 */
	protected String getClientId() {
		return this.clientId;
	}

	/**
	 * Specify an JMS ExceptionListener implementation that should be
	 * registered with with the single Connection created by this factory.
	 * @see #setReconnectOnException
	 */
	public void setExceptionListener(ExceptionListener exceptionListener) {
		this.exceptionListener = exceptionListener;
	}

	/**
	 * Return the JMS ExceptionListener implementation that should be registered
	 * with with the single Connection created by this factory, if any.
	 */
	protected ExceptionListener getExceptionListener() {
		return this.exceptionListener;
	}

	/**
	 * Specify whether the single Connection should be reset (to be subsequently renewed)
	 * when a JMSException is reported by the underlying Connection.
	 * <p>Default is "false". Switch this to "true" to automatically trigger
	 * recovery based on your JMS provider's exception notifications.
	 * <p>Internally, this will lead to a special JMS ExceptionListener
	 * (this SingleConnectionFactory itself) being registered with the
	 * underlying Connection. This can also be combined with a
	 * user-specified ExceptionListener, if desired.
	 * @see #setExceptionListener
	 */
	public void setReconnectOnException(boolean reconnectOnException) {
		this.reconnectOnException = reconnectOnException;
	}

	/**
	 * Return whether the single Connection should be renewed when
	 * a JMSException is reported by the underlying Connection.
	 */
	protected boolean isReconnectOnException() {
		return this.reconnectOnException;
	}

	/**
	 * Make sure a Connection or ConnectionFactory has been set.
	 */
	public void afterPropertiesSet() {
		if (this.connection == null && getTargetConnectionFactory() == null) {
			throw new IllegalArgumentException("Connection or 'targetConnectionFactory' is required");
		}
	}


	public Connection createConnection() throws JMSException {
		synchronized (this.connectionMonitor) {
			if (this.connection == null) {
				initConnection();
			}
			return this.connection;
		}
	}

	public Connection createConnection(String username, String password) throws JMSException {
		throw new javax.jms.IllegalStateException(
				"SingleConnectionFactory does not support custom username and password");
	}

	public QueueConnection createQueueConnection() throws JMSException {
		Connection con = createConnection();
		if (!(con instanceof QueueConnection)) {
			throw new javax.jms.IllegalStateException(
					"This SingleConnectionFactory does not hold a QueueConnection but rather: " + con);
		}
		return ((QueueConnection) con);
	}

	public QueueConnection createQueueConnection(String username, String password) throws JMSException {
		throw new javax.jms.IllegalStateException(
				"SingleConnectionFactory does not support custom username and password");
	}

	public TopicConnection createTopicConnection() throws JMSException {
		Connection con = createConnection();
		if (!(con instanceof TopicConnection)) {
			throw new javax.jms.IllegalStateException(
					"This SingleConnectionFactory does not hold a TopicConnection but rather: " + con);
		}
		return ((TopicConnection) con);
	}

	public TopicConnection createTopicConnection(String username, String password) throws JMSException {
		throw new javax.jms.IllegalStateException(
				"SingleConnectionFactory does not support custom username and password");
	}


	/**
	 * Initialize the underlying shared Connection.
	 * <p>Closes and reinitializes the Connection if an underlying
	 * Connection is present already.
	 * @throws javax.jms.JMSException if thrown by JMS API methods
	 */
	public void initConnection() throws JMSException {
		if (getTargetConnectionFactory() == null) {
			throw new IllegalStateException(
					"'targetConnectionFactory' is required for lazily initializing a Connection");
		}
		synchronized (this.connectionMonitor) {
			if (this.target != null) {
				closeConnection(this.target);
			}
			this.target = doCreateConnection();
			prepareConnection(this.target);
			if (logger.isInfoEnabled()) {
				logger.info("Established shared JMS Connection: " + this.target);
			}
			this.connection = getSharedConnectionProxy(this.target);
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Exception listener callback that renews the underlying single Connection.
	 */
	public void onException(JMSException ex) {
		resetConnection();
	}

	/**
	 * Close the underlying shared connection.
	 * The provider of this ConnectionFactory needs to care for proper shutdown.
	 * <p>As this bean implements DisposableBean, a bean factory will
	 * automatically invoke this on destruction of its cached singletons.
	 */
	public void destroy() {
		resetConnection();
	}

	/**
	 * Reset the underlying shared Connection, to be reinitialized on next access.
	 */
	public void resetConnection() {
		synchronized (this.connectionMonitor) {
			if (this.target != null) {
				closeConnection(this.target);
			}
			this.target = null;
			this.connection = null;
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Create a JMS Connection via this template's ConnectionFactory.
	 * <p>This implementation uses JMS 1.1 API.
	 * @return the new JMS Connection
	 * @throws javax.jms.JMSException if thrown by JMS API methods
	 */
	protected Connection doCreateConnection() throws JMSException {
		return getTargetConnectionFactory().createConnection();
	}

	/**
	 * Prepare the given Connection before it is exposed.
	 * <p>The default implementation applies ExceptionListener and client id.
	 * Can be overridden in subclasses.
	 * @param con the Connection to prepare
	 * @throws JMSException if thrown by JMS API methods
	 * @see #setExceptionListener
	 * @see #setReconnectOnException
	 */
	protected void prepareConnection(Connection con) throws JMSException {
		if (getClientId() != null) {
			con.setClientID(getClientId());
		}
		if (getExceptionListener() != null || isReconnectOnException()) {
			ExceptionListener listenerToUse = getExceptionListener();
			if (isReconnectOnException()) {
				listenerToUse = new InternalChainedExceptionListener(this, listenerToUse);
			}
			con.setExceptionListener(listenerToUse);
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Template method for obtaining a (potentially cached) Session.
	 * @param con the JMS Connection to operate on
	 * @param mode the Session acknowledgement mode
	 * (<code>Session.TRANSACTED or one of the common modes)
	 * @return the Session to use, or <code>null to indicate
	 * creation of a default Session
	 * @throws JMSException if thrown by the JMS API
	 */
	protected Session getSession(Connection con, Integer mode) throws JMSException {
		return null;
	}

	/**
	 * Close the given Connection.
	 * @param con the Connection to close
	 */
	protected void closeConnection(Connection con) {
		try {
			try {
				con.stop();
			}
			finally {
				con.close();
			}
		}
		catch (Throwable ex) {
			logger.warn("Could not close shared JMS Connection", ex);
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Wrap the given Connection with a proxy that delegates every method call to it
	 * but suppresses close calls. This is useful for allowing application code to
	 * handle a special framework Connection just like an ordinary Connection from a
	 * JMS ConnectionFactory.
	 * @param target the original Connection to wrap
	 * @return the wrapped Connection
	 */
	protected Connection getSharedConnectionProxy(Connection target) {
		List classes = new ArrayList(3);
		classes.add(Connection.class);
		if (target instanceof QueueConnection) {
			classes.add(QueueConnection.class);
		}
		if (target instanceof TopicConnection) {
			classes.add(TopicConnection.class);
		}
		return (Connection) Proxy.newProxyInstance(
				getClass().getClassLoader(),
				(Class[]) classes.toArray(new Class[classes.size()]),
				new SharedConnectionInvocationHandler(target));
	}


	/**
	 * Invocation handler for a cached JMS Connection proxy.
	 */
	private class SharedConnectionInvocationHandler implements InvocationHandler {

		private final Connection target;

		public SharedConnectionInvocationHandler(Connection target) {
			this.target = target;
		}

		public Object invoke(Object proxy, Method method, Object[] args) throws Throwable {
			if (method.getName().equals("equals")) {
				// Only consider equal when proxies are identical.
				return (proxy == args[0] ? Boolean.TRUE : Boolean.FALSE);
			}
			else if (method.getName().equals("hashCode")) {
				// Use hashCode of Connection proxy.
				return new Integer(hashCode());
			}
			else if (method.getName().equals("setClientID")) {
				// Handle setClientID method: throw exception if not compatible.
				String currentClientId = this.target.getClientID();
				if (currentClientId != null && currentClientId.equals(args[0])) {
					return null;
				}
				else {
					throw new javax.jms.IllegalStateException(
							"setClientID call not supported on proxy for shared Connection. " +
							"Set the 'clientId' property on the SingleConnectionFactory instead.");
				}
			}
			else if (method.getName().equals("setExceptionListener")) {
				// Handle setExceptionListener method: add to the chain.
				ExceptionListener currentExceptionListener = this.target.getExceptionListener();
				if (currentExceptionListener instanceof InternalChainedExceptionListener && args[0] != null) {
					((InternalChainedExceptionListener) currentExceptionListener).addDelegate((ExceptionListener) args[0]);
					return null;
				}
				else {
					throw new javax.jms.IllegalStateException(
							"setExceptionListener call not supported on proxy for shared Connection. " +
							"Set the 'exceptionListener' property on the SingleConnectionFactory instead. " +
							"Alternatively, activate SingleConnectionFactory's 'reconnectOnException' feature, " +
							"which will allow for registering further ExceptionListeners to the recovery chain.");
				}
			}
			else if (method.getName().equals("stop")) {
				// Handle stop method: don't pass the call on.
				return null;
			}
			else if (method.getName().equals("close")) {
				// Handle close method: don't pass the call on.
				return null;
			}
			else if (method.getName().equals("createSession") || method.getName().equals("createQueueSession") ||
					method.getName().equals("createTopicSession")) {
				boolean transacted = ((Boolean) args[0]).booleanValue();
				Integer ackMode = (Integer) args[1];
				Integer mode = (transacted ? new Integer(Session.SESSION_TRANSACTED) : ackMode);
				Session session = getSession(this.target, mode);
				if (session != null) {
					if (!method.getReturnType().isInstance(session)) {
						throw new javax.jms.IllegalStateException(
								"JMS Session does not implement specific domain: " + session);
					}
					return session;
				}
			}
			try {
				Object retVal = method.invoke(this.target, args);
				if (method.getName().equals("getExceptionListener") && retVal instanceof InternalChainedExceptionListener) {
					// Handle getExceptionListener method: hide internal chain.
					InternalChainedExceptionListener listener = (InternalChainedExceptionListener) retVal;
					return listener.getUserListener();
				}
				else {
					return retVal;
				}
			}
			catch (InvocationTargetException ex) {
				throw ex.getTargetException();
			}
		}
	}


	/**
	 * Internal chained ExceptionListener for handling the internal recovery listener
	 * in combination with a user-specified listener.
	 */
	private static class InternalChainedExceptionListener extends ChainedExceptionListener {

		private ExceptionListener userListener;

		public InternalChainedExceptionListener(ExceptionListener internalListener, ExceptionListener userListener) {
			addDelegate(internalListener);
			if (userListener != null) {
				addDelegate(userListener);
				this.userListener = userListener;
			}
		}

		public ExceptionListener getUserListener() {
			return this.userListener;
		}
	}

}

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