Scala/Java: How to convert a stack trace to a string for printing with a logger

As a quick note, I just got a little bit better about logging stack traces when writing Java or Scala code. In Scala I used to get the text from a stack trace and then log it like this:

// this works, but it's not too useful/readable

In that code, getStackTrace returns a sequence, which I convert to a String before printing it.

RxJava’s Side Effect Methods

RxJava's Observable class has plenty of methods that can be used to transform the stream of emitted items to the kind of data that you need. Those methods are at the very core of RxJava and form a big part of it's attraction. But there are other methods, that do not change the stream of items in any way - I call those methods side effect methods.

How to debug RxJava Observable method calls/chains

As a brief note to self, when you need to debug a chain of RxJava Observable method calls, you can use the doOnNext method to log the current values or print them to STDOUT or STDERR with println. Here’s an example from RxJava For Android Developers, where the debug output is logged with the Android Log.d method:

How to resolve SBT problems by generating a stack trace

This is an excerpt from the Scala Cookbook (partially modified for the internet). This is Recipe 18.12, “Resolving Problems by Getting an SBT Stack Trace.”


In a Scala project, you’re trying to use SBT to compile, run, or package a project, and it’s failing, and you need to be able to see the stack trace to understand why it’s failing.

How to set the SBT logging level

This is an excerpt from the Scala Cookbook (partially modified for the internet). This is Recipe 18.13, “Setting the SBT Log Level.”


You’re having a problem compiling, running, or packaging your project with SBT, and need to adjust the SBT logging level to debug the problem. (Or, you’re interested in learning about how SBT works.)


Set the SBT logging level in your build.sbt file with this setting:

How to turn off (disable) Akka logging

Using Akka logging is a great thing, until you need to turn it off. In short, to disable Akka logging, you need to create a file named application.conf in your SBT src/main/resources folder, and set the loglevel to “OFF” in that file, like this:

How to configure Nginx to serve multiple static websites on one server

UPDATE: These days you should put your server configurations in files in the /etc/nginx/sites-enabled directory.

As a short note, if you need to configure Nginx to serve multiple static websites out of one nginx.conf file, I have been using this approach, and it seems to work well: