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How to process every line in a file with a Unix/Linux shell script

Unix/Linux shell script FAQ: How do I write a Unix or Linux shell script where I "do something" for every line in a text file?

Solution: An easy way to process every line in a text file is to use a Unix/Linux while loop in combination with the Linux cat command, like this:

Scala code to read a text file to an Array (or Seq)

As a quick note, I use code like this read a text file into an Array, List, or Seq using Scala:

def readFile(filename: String): Seq[String] = {
    val bufferedSource = io.Source.fromFile(filename)
    val lines = (for (line <- bufferedSource.getLines()) yield line).toList
    bufferedSource.close
    lines
}
How to prompt users for input from Scala shell scripts alvin June 20, 2015 - 4:37pm

This is an excerpt from the Scala Cookbook, partially modified for the internet. This is Recipe 14.12, “How to prompt users for input from Scala shell scripts.”

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Problem

You want to prompt a user for input from a Scala shell script and read her responses.

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Solution

Use the readLine, print, printf, and Console.read* methods to read user input, as demonstrated in the following script. Comments in the script describe each method:

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  1. Problem
  2. Solution
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How to read and write binary files in Scala

This is an excerpt from the Scala Cookbook (partially modified for the internet). This is Recipe 12.3, “How to read and write binary files in Scala.”

Problem

You want to read data from a binary file or write data to a binary file.

Solution

Scala doesn’t offer any special conveniences for reading or writing binary files, so use the Java FileInputStream and FileOutputStream classes.

How to open and read text files in Scala

This is an excerpt from the Scala Cookbook (partially modified for the internet). This is Recipe 12.1, “How to open and read a text file in Scala.”

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Problem

You want to open a plain-text file in Scala and process the lines in that file.

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Solution

There are two primary ways to open and read a text file:

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  1. Problem
  2. Solution
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How to access Map values in Scala

This is an excerpt from the Scala Cookbook (partially modified for the internet). This is one of the shortest recipes, Recipe 11.17, “How to Access Map Values in Scala”

Problem

You want to access individual values stored in a map. You may have tried this and run into an exception when a key didn’t exist, and want to see how to avoid that exception.

Solution

Given a sample map:

How to read a file URL in Java and Scala

I thought this might be harder, but if you have a file URL like “file:///Users/al/SherlockHolmes.txt”, and want to read those file contents as a Java URL, the process in Java and Scala is simple, as shown in this Scala code: