basename

Linux: How to get the basename from the full filename

As a quick note today, if you’re ever writing a Linux shell script and need to get the filename from a complete (canonical) directory/file path, you can use the Linux basename command like this:

$ basename /foo/bar/baz/foo.txt
foo.txt

A Linux shell script to rename files with a counter and copy them

As a brief note today, I was recently looking for all Messages/iMessage files that are stored on my Mac, and I used this shell script to copy all of those files — many of which have the same name — into a directory named tmpdir, giving them all new names during the copy process:

count=1
for i in `cat myfiles`
do
    fname=`basename $i`
    cp $i tmpdir/${count}-${fname}
    count=`expr $count + 1`
done

Use File::Basename to separate a filename from its directory

Question: Using Perl, if I have a string that includes the full path to a file (i.e., it includes both the full path of the directory and the filename), how do I split the string into its directory and filename components?

Answer: Use the basename and dirname methods of the Perl File::Basename module.

The following example shows how to break this string '/Users/al/work/file1.pdf' into its directory and filename components: