Unix/Linux: Find all files that contain multiple strings/patterns

When using Unix or Linux, if you ever need to find all files that contain multiple strings/patterns, — such as finding all Scala files that contain 'try', 'catch', and 'finally' — this find/awk command seems to do the trick:

find . -type f -name *scala -exec awk 'BEGIN {RS=""; FS="\n"} /try/ && /catch/ && /finally/ {print FILENAME}' {} \;

As shown in the image below, all of the matching filenames are printed out. As Monk says, you’ll thank me later. :)

(I should mention that I got part of the solution from this page.)

A Scala method to write a list of strings to a file

As a brief note today, here’s a Scala method that writes the strings in a list — more accurately, a Seq[String] — to a file:

def writeFile(filename: String, lines: Seq[String]): Unit = {
    val file = new File(filename)
    val bw = new BufferedWriter(new FileWriter(file))
    for (line <- lines) {
Scala: How to use regex pattern matching in a match expression alvin February 17, 2019 - 12:58pm

Scala FAQ: How can I use regular expression (regex) pattern matching in a match expression (a Scala match/case expression)?

As I wrote in my Scala sed class post earlier today, Jon Pretty’s Kaleidoscope project lets you use string pattern-matching code in Scala match expressions. This enables regex pattern-matching code like this:

Kaleidoscope, a Scala pattern-matching library alvin February 9, 2019 - 4:52pm

Kaleidoscope is a Scala pattern-matching library created in a string interpolator style.

Scala tip: How to extract a field from a sequence of objects to create a new sequence

As a brief Scala tip, a fun thing you can do with the map method on Scala sequences (Array, List, Seq, Vector, etc.) is to convert a sequence of objects into a sequence of something else, typically extracting a field from the original object to create the new sequence.

For instance, imagine that you have a case class named Person that has two constructor parameters, firstName and lastName:

How to find regex patterns in Scala strings

This is an excerpt from the Scala Cookbook (partially modified for the internet). This is Recipe 1.7, “Finding Patterns in Scala Strings.”


You need to determine whether a Scala String contains a regular expression pattern.

How to split strings in Scala

This is an excerpt from the Scala Cookbook (partially modified for the internet). This is Recipe 1.3, “How to Split Strings in Scala.”


You want to split a string into parts based on a field separator, such as a string you get from a CSV or pipe-delimited file.


Use one of the split methods that are available on String objects:

How to test String equality in Scala

This is an excerpt from the Scala Cookbook (partially modified for the internet). This is Recipe 1.1, “Testing String Equality in Scala.”


When using Scala, you want to compare two strings to see if they’re equal, i.e., whether they contain the exact same sequence of characters.


In Scala you compare two String instances with the == operator. Given these strings: