How to generate a small random number in Kotlin

If you need to generate a small random number in Kotlin, I find that this approach works:

val r = (1..10).shuffled().first()

That code generates a single random number in the range from 1 to 10 (including 1 on the low end and 10 on the high end).

You can use the technique to simulate the rolling of a dice (die):

val r = (1..6).shuffled().first()

Or simulate flipping a coin (0=heads, 1=tails, or vice versa):

val r = (1..2).shuffled().first()

This also works for the coin flip simulation:

val r = listOf(1,2).shuffled().first()

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