FP is not about not having side effects at all

“I though it was obvious, but apparently it's not. FP is not about not having side effects at all, otherwise it would be useless. It's just about deferring them for as long as possible, that's all.”

~ Alessandro Lacava, in this tweet

Scala founding idea: Fusion of FP + OOP alvin August 10, 2019 - 9:42am

I just found this tweet from Grzegorz Kossakowski, and agree with it all the way. For Scala, the fusion of OOP+FP is a founding principle — and it’s well-explained in the book Programming in Scala — so lets see where it takes us.

A Scala “functional programming style” To-Do List application alvin August 4, 2019 - 8:18pm

Back when I was writing Functional Programming, Simplified I started to write a little Scala/FP “To-Do List” application that you can run from the command line. For reasons I don’t remember, I decided not to include it in the book, and forgot about it until I recently started using GraalVM (what I call Graal).

Graal includes a native image feature lets you compile JVM classes and JAR files into native executables, so as I thought about things I can make faster, I was reminded of the To-Do List app and thought about how cool it would be if it started instantaneously. So I found the old project, blew the dust off of it (updated all of its dependencies), and made a few additions so I could create (a) a single, executable JAR file with sbt-assembly, and (b) a native executable with Graal.

The meaning of the word “reify” in programming

I don’t recall hearing of the words “reify” or “reification” in my OOP years, but that may be because I studied aerospace engineering in college, not computer science. Since learning functional programming (FP) I often see those words, so I thought I’d try to understand their meaning.


I ran into the word “reify” when I saw code like this:

trait Foo {

object Foo extends Foo

I’d see that code and eventually saw that someone described that last line as a “reification” process.

What “reify” means

The short answer is that the main definition of reify seems to be:

“Taking an abstract concept and making it concrete.”

For the longer answer, I found the following definitions and examples of reification.

The essence of Scala ~ Martin Odersky

Per this tweet, back on May 15 Martin Odersky shared a slide with these contents:

The essence of Scala: Fusion of functional and object-oriented programming in a typed settings.

- Functions for the logic
- Objects for the modularity

Scala “lint” tools

As a quick note, I was just looking into the state of Scala “lint” tools, and found ScalaStyle, WartRemover, and Scapegoat.

This 2014 underscore.io post states, “Those interested in FP purity in a Scala world, you’ll want WartRemover.” (Of course that recommendation may have changed by now.) The current ScalaStyle website states, “Scalastyle is used as part of the grading framework for the course Functional Programming Principles in Scala by Martin Odersky on Coursera.”