As a quick note, this stackexchange.com page has some good background information on how to install a deb package file from the command line on Debian Linux (which in my case is Ubuntu 16.04). The short answer is that if you have a deb file named google-chrome-stable_current_amd64.deb, you’ll want to run these two commands, one after the other, as shown:
$ sudo dpkg -i google-chrome-stable_current_amd64.deb $ sudo apt-get install -f
The complete example
To give you some more perspective on how this works, here are those two commands shown with all of the output that they produce. Note that I put my deb file in a temporary directory before running the commands:
/home/alvin/Desktop/tmp> sudo dpkg -i google-chrome-stable_current_amd64.deb [sudo] password for alvin: Selecting previously unselected package google-chrome-stable. (Reading database ... 258250 files and directories currently installed.) Preparing to unpack google-chrome-stable_current_amd64.deb ... Unpacking google-chrome-stable (56.0.2924.87-1) ... Setting up google-chrome-stable (56.0.2924.87-1) ... update-alternatives: using /usr/bin/google-chrome-stable to provide /usr/bin/x-www-browser (x-www-browser) in auto mode update-alternatives: using /usr/bin/google-chrome-stable to provide /usr/bin/gnome-www-browser (gnome-www-browser) in auto mode update-alternatives: using /usr/bin/google-chrome-stable to provide /usr/bin/google-chrome (google-chrome) in auto mode Processing triggers for man-db (2.7.5-1) ... Processing triggers for gnome-menus (3.13.3-6ubuntu3.1) ... Processing triggers for desktop-file-utils (0.22-1ubuntu5) ... Processing triggers for bamfdaemon (0.5.3~bzr0+16.04.20160701-0ubuntu1) ... Rebuilding /usr/share/applications/bamf-2.index... Processing triggers for mime-support (3.59ubuntu1) ... /home/alvin/Desktop/tmp> sudo apt-get install -f Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree Reading state information... Done The following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required: linux-headers-4.4.0-31 linux-headers-4.4.0-31-generic linux-image-4.4.0-31-generic linux-image-extra-4.4.0-31-generic Use 'sudo apt autoremove' to remove them. 0 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 0 to remove and 0 not upgraded.
After I ran those commands to install the deb file I removed the tmp directory I used during the installation process.