How to compile with TypeScript and run with Node.js

As a brief note to self, you compile a TypeScript source code file with the tsc command:

tsc Foo.ts

Depending on what you’re doing, you can also run the resulting JavaScript file from the command line with this node command:

tsc Foo.ts && node Foo.js

That command can be read as, “Compile the TypeScript file and then if that compiles successfully, run the resulting JavaScript file.” Note the ts and js extensions on those files.

How to get the URI of the current node in a Drupal 8 Twig template theme file

As a quick note, I was just able to get the URI of the current page (node) in a Drupal 8 Twig template theme file using this code:

{% set uri = path('entity.node.canonical', {'node':}) %}

As an example, I’m rendering some different content based on the URI of the current node, so I first use that code to set the uri field, then I have a little Twig if/then/else condition like this:

{% if uri starts with '/foo' %}
    <div>Option Foo here ...</div>
{% elseif uri starts with '/bar' %}
    <div>Option Bar here ...</div>
{% else %}
    <div>Option Baz here ...</div>
{% endif %}

In summary, if you wanted to see how to get the URI of the current page/node when using a Drupal 8 Twig theme template file, I hope this example is helpful.

What are the Drupal 8 Node class fields (field names)?

I was just trying to modify one of my Drupal 8 template files — node.html.twig — and I couldn’t find any good documentation for what variables/values/fields are in the Drupal 8 Node class, so I dumped some output to my browser, and saw that these are the Node fields:

Scala: Extracting data from an array of XML elements

Problem: Your XML data has an array of elements, and you need to extract the first element, second element, or more generally, the Nth element, using Scala.


The following simplified version of the XML from the Yahoo Weather API has three <forecast> elements:

Scala: Deeper XML parsing, and extracting XML tag attributes

Problem: You need to perform deep XML searches, combining the \ and \\ methods, and possibly searching directly for tag attributes.


Combine the \\ and \ methods as needed to search the XML. When you need to extract tag attributes, place an @ character before the attribute name.

Given this simplified version of the Yahoo Weather RSS Feed:

Basic Scala XPath searching with \ and \\

Problem: When writing a Scala application, you want to search an XML tree for the data you need using XPath expressions.


Use the \ and \\ methods, which are analogous to the XPath / and // expressions. The \ method returns all matching elements directly under the current node, and \\ returns all matching elements from all nodes under the current node (all descendant nodes).

To demonstrate this difference, create this XML literal:

How to extract data from XML nodes in Scala

Problem: In a Scala application, you want to extract information from XML you receive, so you can use the data in your application.


Use the methods of the Scala Elem and NodeSeq classes to extract the data. The most commonly used methods of the Elem class are shown here:

Scala: How to create XML literals

Problem: You want to create XML variables, and embed XML into your Scala code.


You can assign XML expressions directly to variables, as shown in these examples:

val hello = <p>Hello, world</p>
val p = <person><name>Edward</name><age>42</age></person>

In the REPL you can see that these variables are of type scala.xml.Elem:

A Scala XML XPath example

I'm not going to take any time to describe the following Scala XML/XPath example, other than to say that when it's run, it produces the following output, which is a simulated receipt for an order at a pizza store: