A Scala shell script to insert text before a matching pattern

I don’t remember exactly why I wrote this Scala shell script, but if I remember right I was having a problem getting sed to work properly, so I wrote this little script to insert an Amazon Kindle “break” tag before each <h1> tag in an HTML file:

A large collection of Unix/Linux ‘grep’ command examples

Linux grep commands FAQ: Can you share some Linux/Unix grep command examples?

Sure. The name grep means "general regular expression parser", but you can think of the grep command as a "search" command for Unix and Linux systems: it's used to search for text strings and more-complicated "regular expressions" within one or more files.

I think it's easiest to learn how to use the grep command by showing examples, so let's dive right in.

How to write “If string starts with” in Drupal 8 Twig templates

If you ever need to write a “string starts with” comparison in Drupal 8 Twig templates, I just used this approach in a node.html.twig template file and I can confirm that it works:

{% if uri starts with '/foo' %}

More accurately, what I did was to first get the URI for the current Drupal node, and then I perform that test:

Scala: How to extract parts of a String that match regex patterns

This is an excerpt from the Scala Cookbook (partially modified for the internet). This is Recipe 1.9, “Extracting Parts of a String that Match Patterns.”


You want to extract one or more parts of a Scala String that match the regular-expression patterns you specify.


Define the regular-expression (regex) patterns you want to extract, placing parentheses around them so you can extract them as “regular-expression groups.” First, define the desired pattern:

How to find regex patterns in Scala strings

This is an excerpt from the Scala Cookbook (partially modified for the internet). This is Recipe 1.7, “Finding Patterns in Scala Strings.”


You need to determine whether a Scala String contains a regular expression pattern.

This is a page from my book, Functional Programming, Simplified

How to Write Scala Functions That Take Functions as Input Parameters

“Haskell functions can take functions as parameters and return functions as return values. A function that does either of those is called a higher order function. Higher order functions aren’t just a part of the Haskell experience, they pretty much are the Haskell experience.”

From Learn You a Haskell for Great Good

How to search multiple jar files for a string or pattern (shell script)

Here’s a Unix shell script that I use to search Java Jar files for any type of string pattern. You can use it to search for the name of a class, the name of a package, or any other string/pattern that will show up if you manually ran jar tvf on each jar file. The advantage of this script — if you’re a Unix, Linux, or Cygwin user — is that it will search through all jar files in the current directory: