pattern

A software self healing pattern (part 1)

Over the last 18 months I've been working with a 24x7 manufacturing group, and no matter what I say, they always have the same two requests/demands:

  1. The software system must not fail, and
  2. If it does fail for some reason, it needs to be able to recover properly from the failure.

Simply put, (a) the machines must keep moving, and (b) nobody wants the phone call in the middle of the night when the machines stop moving.

A large collection of Unix/Linux ‘grep’ command examples

Linux grep commands FAQ: Can you share some Linux/Unix grep command examples?

Sure. The name grep means "general regular expression parser", but you can think of the grep command as a "search" command for Unix and Linux systems: it's used to search for text strings and more-complicated "regular expressions" within one or more files.

I think it's easiest to learn how to use the grep command by showing examples, so let's dive right in.

How to tell grep to ignore special characters in a string (solution)

Back in the old days I thought that any pattern that was including in single-quotes with the Unix grep command meant that the pattern inside the string was completely ignored by grep. But these days I have to escape special characters with a backslash character, which is really annoying. This example shows what I mean:

Scala/Java: How to write a pattern that matches a minimum to maximum number of specified characters

If you’re using Java or Scala and need to write a pattern that matches a range of characters, where those characters occur between a minimum and maximum number of times in the pattern, the following example shows a solution I’m currently using.

The idea is that the pattern "[a-zA-Z0-9]{1,4}" means, “Match a string that has only the characters a-z, A-Z, and 0-9, where those characters occur a minimum of one time and a maximum of four times.” The following tests in the Scala REPL shows how this works:

A Scala shell script to insert text before a matching pattern

I don’t remember exactly why I wrote this Scala shell script, but if I remember right I was having a problem getting sed to work properly, so I wrote this little script to insert an Amazon Kindle “break” tag before each <h1> tag in an HTML file:

How to write “If string starts with” in Drupal 8 Twig templates

If you ever need to write a “string starts with” comparison in Drupal 8 Twig templates, I just used this approach in a node.html.twig template file and I can confirm that it works:

{% if uri starts with '/foo' %}

More accurately, what I did was to first get the URI for the current Drupal node, and then I perform that test:

Scala: How to extract parts of a String that match regex patterns

This is an excerpt from the Scala Cookbook (partially modified for the internet). This is Recipe 1.9, “Extracting Parts of a String that Match Patterns.”

Problem

You want to extract one or more parts of a Scala String that match the regular-expression patterns you specify.

Solution

Define the regular-expression (regex) patterns you want to extract, placing parentheses around them so you can extract them as “regular-expression groups.” First, define the desired pattern: