Perl code to read one line from a text file

When I work with Perl I’m often performing a task where I need to read from a text file, and many times all I have to do is read one line from the file. This happened again today, where I have a text file that just contains one pid (process id), and I just need to get that pid before I do some other work.

Today I wrote a little subroutine named get_record to handle this function for me. I just pass in the name of the file I want to read from, and the Perl subroutine opens the file, gets the record, and returns the record from the file. Here’s the source code for this example:

sub get_record
    # the filename should be passed in as a parameter
    my $filename = shift;
    open FILE, $filename or die "Could not read from $filename, program halting.";
    # read the record, and chomp off the newline
    chomp(my $record = <FILE>);
    close FILE;
    return $record;

# a test to show how to call my function
$text = &get_record('pid.dat');
print "text = $text\n";

As a quick summary, if you need an example of how to read one line from a text file in Perl, I hope this example is helpful.