Scala: How to use a String during testing instead of an InputStream

Imagine that you have a method that requires an InputStream, and you want to test that method. How can you test it?

In the Scala Cookbook I wrote how your Scala method can accept a Source instead of a File to make it easier to test, so I won’t write any more about that right now.

But if you have a method that accepts an InputStream and you want to be able to test it with a String, here’s what you can do:

// 1) create the desired String
val html = MartinOderskyPage.content

// 2) convert that String to an InputStream
val testPageInputStream = new ByteArrayInputStream(html.getBytes)

The first line of code shown creates a String object named html. It does that by calling a content method on a Scala object named MartinOderskyPage. The html object contains the same HTML content you’d get by downloading his Wikipedia page (or at least the same content you would have gotten when I downloaded it in 2014).

The second line of code does what you want, converting the html String into a ByteArrayInputStream, which is a type of InputStream. It calls the getBytes method on the String object, and uses that as a parameter to the ByteArrayInputStream constructor. You can now pass the testPageInputStream object to any method that requires an InputStream.

If you needed to see how to convert a Scala (or Java) String to an InputStream, I hope this has been helpful.

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