Java example: JMenuBar + KeyStroke + AbstractAction

As a brief note, here’s some source code that I used to create a JMenuBar in a Java application. First, I defined some fields in my main class:

private static final KeyStroke fileOpenKeystroke = KeyStroke.getKeyStroke(KeyEvent.VK_O, Event.META_MASK);
private Action fileOpenAction;
private JMenuBar menuBar;

Later in the same class I defined this method:

private JMenuBar createMenuBar() {
    JMenuBar menuBar = new JMenuBar();

    // File menu
    JMenu fileMenu = new JMenu("File");
    fileOpenAction = new FileOpenAction(this, "Open", fileOpenKeystroke.getKeyCode());
    fileMenu.add(new JMenuItem(fileOpenAction));

    // add File menu to menubar

    return menuBar;

That code relies on a FileOpenAction, which looks like this:

import utils.GuiUtils;
import java.awt.event.ActionEvent;
import javax.swing.AbstractAction;

class FileOpenAction extends AbstractAction {

    MainController controller;

    public FileOpenAction(final MainController controller, String name, Integer mnemonic) {
        super(name, null);
        putValue(MNEMONIC_KEY, mnemonic);
        this.controller = controller;

    public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {
        GuiUtils.handleSelectDirectoryRequest(controller.getPrefs(), MainController.LAST_USED_DIR);


Some of that code can be rearranged, but those are the basic steps needed to create a JMenuBar that uses a KeyStroke and AbstractAction.

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