macos

Linux/Unix: How to copy a directory and save the date/time file information

If you need to copy a directory on Unix/Linux and want to preserve the date/time information while copying the directory and files, use the -p option to save the date/time information, and the -r option to copy the directory properly. For instance, I just used this cp command to copy a directory named OldDir to a new directory named NewDir, while retaining all of the date/time file information:

A shell script to change between MacOS dark mode and light mode

If you want to create a shell script so you can change between MacOS dark mode and light mode from the Terminal (Unix) command line, put this source code in a file and name it something like dark:

osascript -e \
'tell application "System Events" to tell appearance preferences to set dark mode to not dark mode'

Then make that file executable, and make sure it’s on your PATH. Now you can type dark to toggle back and forth between dark mode and the regular light mode:

Scala shell scripts hang indefinitely on MacOS 10.13 and 10.14 (won’t run)

If you run into a problem where a Scala shell script won’t run on MacOS — it hangs indefinitely without doing anything — hopefully this bug report will help. The solution is to change this line at the beginning of the Scala shell script:

exec scala -savecompiled "$0" "$@"

to this:

exec scala -nocompdaemon -savecompiled "$0" "$@"

I just had this problem with Scala 2.12.x and Java 8 running on MacOS 10.14.4, and I can confirm that adding -nocompdaemon solved the problem for me.

Jeyes, a Java version of Xeyes

Jeyes, a Java version of Xeyes

In my spare time back in 2011 I created a Java version of the old Unix/X-Windows “Xeyes” application. If you ever used Xeyes, you know it as a set of eyes that are displayed on-screen, and follow the mouse cursor as you move it around.

Now in 2019 I just brought it back to life, and here’s a 56-second video that shows how it works:

TextMate TODO tag syntax highlighting

As a brief note to self, I like the way the TODO tag is highlighted when using TextMate, so I dug around to see how it worked so I can make other words be highlighted the same way it is. The short answer is that in TextMate, click the Bundles menu, select Edit Bundles, then scroll down to select TODO near the bottom of the list, then Language Grammars and TODO. The last few steps are shown in the image.

Scala code to find (and move or remove) duplicate files

My MacBook recently told me I was running out of disk space. I knew that the way I was backing up my iPhone was resulting in me having multiple copies of photos and videos, so I finally decided to fix that problem by getting rid of all of the duplicate copies of those files.

So I wrote a little Scala program to find all the duplicates and move them to another location, where I could check them before deleting them. The short story is that I started with over 28,000 photos and videos, and the code shown below helped me find nearly 5,000 duplicate photos and videos under my ~/Pictures directory that were taking up over 18GB of storage space. (Put another way, deleting those files saved me 18GB of storage.)

How to easily determine the blocksize of a filesystem

I just saw that this is a way you can easily determine the blocksize of a filesystem, at least a Mac/Unix/Linux filesystem:

$ echo foo > foo

$ du -h foo
4.0K    foo

I tried to do the same thing with touch foo, but that didn’t work. Without digging into it more, the key seems to be in having very little text in the file, at which point the du command shows the minimum block size for the file.

How to use the Linux ‘scp’ command without a password to make remote backups alvin August 7, 2018 - 11:25am

Summary: How to create a public and private key pair to use ssh and scp without using a password, which lets you automate a remote server backup process.

Over the last two years I've ended up creating a large collection of websites and web applications on a variety of Linux servers that are hosted with different companies like GoDaddy and A2 Hosting. I recently embarked on a mission to automate the backup processes for all these sites, and as a result of this effort, I thought I'd share what I've learned here.